Nepal is a small land-locked country located between the neighboring countries of China and India, covering an area of 147,181 square kilometers and home to about 28.98 million people. Despite being an underdeveloped country, Nepal is transitioning towards a more sustainable development pathway, although illiteracy and poverty remain serious issues.
Nepal is known for its high biodiversity and wide range of flora and fauna. The country is divided into three sub-regions, the Himalayan region, the Hilly region, and the Terai region. The Terai region, which is a flat low land region in the south of the country, is a major tourist area that offers safaris, hiking, and trekking. The Chitwan National Park, located in the Terai region, is one of the most famous national parks in Nepal and is home to a variety of wildlife including tigers, rhinoceros, and elephants.
Nepal's landscape is dominated by the Himalayan mountain range, which includes the world's highest peak, Mount Everest. The country's rivers, including the Koshi, Gandaki, and Karnali, provide ideal conditions to develop hydroelectric projects. Although Nepal has the potential to generate 44,000 MW of hydroelectric power, the country currently generates only about 600 MW from 20 major hydro-power plants and a number of small and micro-hydro-power plants.
Access to electricity in Nepal is limited, with only about 40% of the population having access to electricity. The electrification rate in urban areas is 90 percent, while that in rural areas is only 5 percent. The road system in Nepal is underdeveloped, with only just over 10,142 km of paved roads and 7,140 km of unpaved roads, and 15 out of 77 district headquarters not connected by road. The poor state of development of the road system makes access to markets, schools, and health clinics a challenge.
Nepal is home to diverse cultures and communities. Most Nepalese depend on the land for their daily livelihood, and some still go into the jungle to gather resources such as firewood, as well as to materials to build their houses. Most houses in the rural lowlands of Nepal are made up of a tight bamboo frame, with walls of a mud and cow-dung mix. These dwellings remain cool in summer and retain warmth in winter. Houses in the hills are usually made of unbaked bricks with thatch or tile roofing, while at high elevations, construction changes to stone masonry, and slate may be used on the roofs.
In conclusion, Nepal is a country that boasts diverse wildlife, stunning landscapes, and a rich culture. Despite facing challenges, the country is working towards a sustainable development pathway, and the promise of tourism provides hope for the future. A visit to Nepal is sure to be an unforgettable experience for any wildlife enthusiast.